By Thomas H. Holloway
The Companion to Latin American History collects the paintings of prime specialists within the box to create a single-source assessment of the varied historical past and present tendencies within the examine of Latin America.
- Presents a cutting-edge assessment of the historical past of Latin America
- Written through the head overseas specialists within the field
- 28 chapters come jointly as a superlative unmarried resource of data for students and students
- Recognizes the breadth and variety of Latin American heritage through delivering systematic chronological and geographical coverage
- Covers either historic traits and new parts of interest
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Extra info for A Companion to Latin American History
This intervention in the reproduction process was the beginning of a steady process of selection that caused these wild plants eventually to undergo dramatic genetic change. What was true for squash was also true for the other early cultigens. At the beginning of the Archaic period, many of these plants looked nothing at all like their modern manifestations. Maize, for example, was a kind of grass growing in the highlands of Mexico when people began to cultivate it 5,000–6,000 years ago. The Formative period, from about 4,000 years ago to AD 250, was marked by massive technological changes as Mesoamerican people adopted increasingly intensive forms of agriculture, the ﬁrst permanent villages and towns on the Paciﬁc and Gulf coasts appeared, and the socially stratiﬁed societies, often called chiefdoms, emerged.
Although anthropologists today no longer deﬁne Mesoamerica as a simple collection of traits, instead focusing on the socioeconomic processes, evolutionary patterns, and historical developments that led to the intense interaction and exchange among speciﬁc societies in the region, we know now that many more items could be added to Kirchoff’s list which either originated in Mesoamerica and/or make it distinct from adjacent regions. As is true of any conceptual deﬁnition of a civilization, there are obvious weaknesses, since boundaries are never permanent, no pedigree is ever pure, and there is the danger that we overly reify and fetishize a scholarly con- A Companion to Latin American History Edited byThomas H.
Indeed Mesoamerica is often spoken of as something that is past, and lay people are sometimes surprised to learn that Maya or “Aztec” people exist today. In recent years subtle historical analysis, employing documents produced by Mesoamerican people as well as Spanish writers, presents a much more complicated picture of what went on in the sixteenth century; it makes Mesoamerican people appear to be somewhat less of the victims that the traditional view supposed and allows us to see that Mesoamerican civilization did not come to an end in 1519.