By John J. Furedy, Christine P. Furedy (auth.), Hy I. Day (eds.)
It has been either a excitement and an honor to edit this publication. The excitement has been in interacting with the talented authors who wrote the chapters for this quantity and the honour has been in understanding that the e-book is devoted to a good guy and an excellent psychologist-Daniel E. Berlyne. the entire members to this ebook were touched, at your time, via Dan Berlyne and his principles. even if as his academics, his colleages, his friends, his scholars, or his associates and arguing companions, we've all felt his presence and been greater by way of it. The checklist of individuals to this quantity is huge and will were a lot higher, for a few humans, in reality, contacted me for the oppor tunity to give a contribution after they heard in regards to the function of this e-book. it's also a global record, for Dan Berlyne's contacts have been foreign. the variety in content material and elegance is usually intentional. The authors have been invited to give a contribution an unique paper within the box within which they're almost immediately engaged, no matter if theoretical or a record of empirical paintings, and to point the contribution that Dan Berlyne had made to their paintings. because the reader will be aware, contributions variety from own and get in touch with in a laboratory to principles that elicit controversy, argument, and in depth re seek. Daniel Ellis Berlyne was once born in Selford, England, a suburb of guy chester,in 1924, and died in Toronto, Canada, on November 2, 1976.
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And "curiosity" is thus a drive which is caused by conflicting stimuli-conditions (called "collative variables") which we will deal with later. Thus Berlyne could formulate a very general H-R hypothesis: all high-arousal conditions or "drives" determine arousal- and drive- A METASCIENTIFIC STUDY 31 reducing behavior. This drive-reducing behavior must be different in "boredom" and other "drives" (including curiosity). In "boredom" (high arousal, but low potential) the behavior of the organism consists of a seeking for increased stimulation (increasing potential, but reducing arousal).
Intrinsic exploration" (motivated by curiosity) b. "Extrinsic exploration" (other motives than curiosity) "AROUSAL POTENTIAL" 1. "COLLATIVE VARIABLES" a. Novelty c. Complexity 2. "AFFECTIVE STIMULI " 3. STRONG EXTERNAL STIMULI 4. INTERNAL STIMULI ARISING FROM NEEDS b. Uncertainty d. Surprisingness 4. Schematic representation of the independent empirical variables in Berlyne's theory. ") FIGURE A METASCIENTIFIC STUDY 35 3. Classification in accordance with the object: a. "Specific exploration," which has the function of providing stimulation from a specific source (often motivated by curiosity) b.
First, we shall evaluate the "explanatory power," or the testability, of the theory. , philosophical, metaphysical, religiOUS, ideological, and political theories). , verification and/or falsification) is not an easy quality to estimate, because it is a quality of degree rather than a all-or-nothing quality (at least for whole theories-a single hypothesis may be classified as testable or not testable). If testability is a quality of degree, it must be possible to estimate-or measure-it quantitatively.