By John M. Wallace, Peter V. Hobbs
Wallace and Hobbs' unique version of Atmospheric technological know-how helped outline the sector approximately 30 years in the past, and has served because the cornerstone for many college curriculums. Now scholars and execs alike can use this up to date vintage to appreciate atmospheric phenomena within the context of the newest discoveries and applied sciences, and get ready themselves for extra complex learn and real-life challenge fixing.
Atmospheric technological know-how, moment version, has been thoroughly made over by way of content material and visual appeal. It includes new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system,climate, and the atmospheric boundary layer, in addition to stronger therapy of atmospheric dynamics, climate forecasting, radiative move, serious storms, and human affects, equivalent to international warming. The authors illustrate thoughts with colourful cutting-edge imagery and canopy an unlimited volume of recent info within the box. they've got additionally built numerous on-line fabrics for teachers who undertake the text.
With its thorough assurance of the basics, transparent reasons, and wide updates, Wallace & Hobbs' Atmospheric technology, moment version, is the basic first step in instructing today's atmospheric scientists.
Full-color satellite tv for pc imagery and cloud images illustrate ideas all through
Extensive numerical and qualitative workouts emphasize the appliance of easy actual ideas to difficulties within the atmospheric sciences
Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and paintings of scientists pointed out within the textual content, and supply scholars with a feeling of the lengthy historical past of meteorology
Companion web site encourages extra complicated exploration of textual content themes: supplementary info, photos, and bonus exercises.
Read or Download Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition) PDF
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Extra info for Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition)
The strength of the horizontal pressure gradient is inversely proportional to the horizontal spacing between the isobars in the vicinity of that point. With the notable exception of the equatorial belt (10 °S–10 °N), the winds observed in the Earth’s atmosphere closely parallel the isobars. 9,10 It follows that air circulates counterclockwise around lows and clockwise around highs, as shown in the right-hand side of Fig. 14. In the southern hemisphere the relationships are in the opposite sense, as indicated in the left-hand side of Fig.
A weak minimum in sea-level pressure prevails along the equator, where trade winds from the northern and southern hemispheres converge. Much deeper lows form in the extratropics and migrate toward the poleward flank of the extratropical westeries to form the subpolar low pressure belts. In the real world, surface winds tend to be stronger over the oceans than over land because they are not slowed as much by surface friction. Over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the surface winds mirror many of the features in Fig.
Another school of thought attributes it to irreversible mixing produced by tidal motions propagating downward into the deep oceans along the continental shelves, and yet another to vertical mixing in restricted regions characterized by 0 ice Depth Thermocline strong winds and steeply sloping isopycnal surfaces, the most important of which coincides with the Antarctic circumpolar current, which lies beneath the ring of strong westerly surface winds that encircles Antarctica. Although most of the deep and bottom water masses are formed in the Atlantic sector, the thermohaline circulation involves the entire world’s oceans, as illustrated in Fig.